Currently 87% are Christians, followed by Buddhists with 8.5%, Hindu with 2.7%. [124] Doordarshan, the national television service of India provides terrestrial broadcasting services and All India Radio broadcast programmes related to the indigenous culture and local news. The institution of chieftainship began in the 16th century. ISBN: 9789351481072 9351481077: OCLC Number: 944441326: Notes: Originally presented as the author's thesis (Doctor of Theology--Serampore College (University)) under the title: Towards a tribal ecclesiology through a critical synthesis of select early Christian traditions and tribal cultural traditions of Northeast India, specially Mizoram. In addition to these, there are several websites in local dialects. [15], Between 55% to 60% of the working population of the state is annually deployed on agriculture. The following rivers are suited for hydel projects with minimal impact on its biosphere – Tuivai, Tuivawl, Tlawng, Tut, Serlui, Tuirial, Kolodyne, Tuichang, Tuipui, Tiau and Mat. [40], The biggest river in Mizoram is Chhimtuipui, also known as Kaladan (or Kolodyne). The rivers have a gentle drainage gradient particularly in the south. The most significant lake in Mizo history, Rih Dil, is ironically located in Burma, a few kilometres from the Indo-Burma border. This practice has reduced in recent decades, due to a government-supported initiative to support horticultural crops such as pineapple and banana plantations.[9]. Mizoram has two industrial estates at Zuagtui and Kolasib. Legend has it that a huge mustard plant once stood in this place. The state had 22 other colleges, and the total college enrolment was approximately 10,600 students in 2012. [82] By 2011 census, it had reached 92%, compared to 74% average for India. B. Hamlet, Encyclopaedia of North-East India: Mizoram, Volume 5. Now, with Mizoram's state law as a dry state, the youth busy themselves with music and community dancing. Music: The people of Mizoram play music for relaxation. The state and central governments of India have cooperated to reserve and protect 67% of the land covered by forests, and additional 15% by management. With international borders with Bangladesh and Myanmar, it is an important port state for southeast Asian imports to India, as well as exports from India. Mizoram is leading producers of Bamboo in India and supplies 14 % of India’s commercial bamboo. The agricultural productivity is very low in Mizoram. D.E. Mizoram is also called a "peninsula state" as it is surrounded by international borders on three sides. Although many more rivers and streams drain the hill ranges, the most important and useful rivers are the Tlawng, Tut, Tuirial and Tuivawl which flow through the northern territory and eventually join the Barak River in Cachar District. And, in the next two decades of 1931 to 1951, nearly the whole of the tribal population of Mizoram was converted to Christianity. It was believed that departed souls pass through this lake before making their way to Pialral or heaven. India is going to conduct it’s population counting marathon exercise in 2020 and data will be published in 2021. (2010), Chronicles and impacts of the 2005–09 mautam in Mizoram, in, General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of India, Congregational Church of India (Maraland), College of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry, Selesih, Aizawl, Mizoram, Regional Institute of Paramedical and Nursing Aizawl, List of institutions of higher education in Mizoram, Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India, "Kerala BJP President PS Sreedharan Pillai appointed as Mizoram Governor", "AREA AND POPULATION - Statistical Year Book India 2017 | Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation | Government Of India", "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)", "Mizoram To Be 23rd State Of India, Tribal Customs Protected", "CHAPTER 2 SIZE, GROWTH RATE AND RURAL-URBAN DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION IN MIZORAM", Demographic Status of Scheduled Tribe Population of India, Agriculture Statistical Abstract 2012-2013, "See 2012 data in 3rd set of Table 162, Number and Percentage of Population Below Poverty Line". [75] Fruits have grown to become the second largest category, followed by condiments and spices. A Superintendent of Police is responsible for the police administration of each district. 2001), pp. Mammal species observed in the Mizoram forests include slow loris (Nycticebus coucang), red serow (Capricornis rubidus), which is the state animal, goral (Nemorhaedus goral), tiger (Panthera tigris), leopard (Panthera pardus), clouded leopard ("Neofelis nebulosi"), leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis), Bengal fox (Vulpes bengalensis), and Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus). The Mizo Hills formally became part of British India in 1895, and practices such as head-hunting were banned in Mizoram as well as neighbouring regions. The culture of the Mizo tribes and its social structure has undergone tremendous change over 100 years, since the arrival of Christianity in the late 1890s. A district of Mizoram is headed by a Deputy Commissioner who is in charge of the administration in that particular district. Mizoram's airport is at the capital city of Aizawl. [8] Sericulture is an important handicraft industry engaged by nearly 8,000 families in over 300 Mizo villages.[17]. Of the birds found in Mizoram forests, 27 are on the worldwide threatened species lists and eight are on the critically endangered list. [123], Mizoram's media is growing quickly. The remaining 3,000 people are Sikhs, Jains and other religions. [16] The state has about 871 kilometres of national highways, with NH-54 and NH-150 connecting it to Assam and Manipur respectively. [1], The Mizoram State Legislative Assembly has 40 seats and the Village Councils are the grassroots of democracy and leadership in Mizoram. The state has a total of 4,300 kilometres of roads of which 927 kilometres are high quality national highways and 700 kilometres of state highways. Jhum Cultivation: Mizoram is famous for Jhum Cultivation. However, the demand was not accepted by the government. Informal instruments are called chhepchher. The diversity of tribal groups reflects the historical immigration patterns. Population Of India. A medical college, Mizoram Institute of Medical Education and Research (MIMER) was also inaugurated on 2018 and offer 100 seats for MBBS course. [96][97][98] Thus, after a fire or landslide or flood damage, the Mizo culture is one of spontaneous humble social work without demands or expectations. [49], Mizoram has a population of 1,091,014 with 552,339 males and 538,675 females. Phawngpui Tlang also known as the Blue Mountain, situated in the southeastern part of the state, is the highest peak in Mizoram at 2,210 metres (7,250 ft). As per details from Census 2011, Mizoram has population of 10.97 Lakhs, an increase from figure of 8.89 Lakh in 2001 census. 8. There are three Autonomous District Councils (ADCs) for ethnic tribes in Mizoram, namely Chakma Autonomous District Council (in the southern part of state, bordering Bangladesh), Lai Autonomous District Council (LADC) for Lai people in the southern part of the state, and Mara Autonomous District Council (MADC) for Mara people in the southern-eastern corner. Religion: The major religion practiced is Christianity. Population Of India. [27] The northern and southern Mizo Hills became the Lushai Hills, with Aizawl as their headquarters by declaring the whole area as Excluded Area till India got independence from the British. However, they additionally have to register themselves with state police within 24 hours of arrival, a formality that most resorts can provide. Mizoram is one of the wonderful states in Northeast India and Aizawl is the capital. In the 1950s, the fears of Assamese hegemony and perceived lack of government concern led to growing discontent among the Mizos. Lalthangliana B (2001) The History of Mizos in India, Burma and Bangladesh. [54] The Mizo people usually suffix their descriptive given names with their tribe. Rice remains the largest crop grown in Mizoram by gross value of output. [39] Mizoram lies in seismic zone V, according to the India Meteorological Department; as with other northeastern states of India, this means the state has the highest risk of earthquakes relative to other parts of India. Total population of Mizoram as per 2011 census is 1,097,206 of which male and female are 555,339 and 541,867 respectively. Lack of transport infrastructure is one of the major drawbacks. This is the land of the Highlanders, or the Mizos. [7] Mizoram covers an area of approximately 21,087 square kilometres. Mizoram, in the 18th century, had an autocratic political system, ruled by hereditary chieftains. 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